Organizational behaviour

Topics: Personality psychology, Organization, Trait theory Pages: 7 (2902 words) Published: October 12, 2014
Part A
INTRODUCTION
Organizational behaviour is a field of studies that investigates how individuals, groups and structure affect and are affected by behaviour within organizations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization’s effectiveness and efficiency (Robbins, 2009, p.4). Organizational behaviour plays some significant roles in ensuring efficiency and effectiveness in an organization. Interaction and performance by people in groups and teams in a workplace are looked at by organizational behaviour. Organizational behaviour has been important in organizations and constantly changes as time passes by. The way managers and employees treat and behave towards their fellow employees has had an impact on workers effectiveness and efficiencies in a work place. There are four basic elements in organizational behaviour namely, people, structure, technology and the environment (Johns, 2011). This essay is about the role organizational behaviour plays in creating efficiency and effectiveness in a work place. The required personality of the candidates for employment at Google is looked at. Furthermore, it will look at the theories throughout history that organizations use. Google will be the organization being look at and how organizational behaviour influences employee effectiveness and efficiency. The different theories it uses will also be analysed, namely personality which is linked to Hollands personality job-fit and stress which is linked to different theories to see if they help employees be more effective or less efficient. A conclusion will then be reached on the importance of these theories and how they affect the organisation. Organisational behaviour theory has developed throughout history. Economic pressures are responded to differently and effective management is critical during hard economic times. Managers during difficult times have to fire or motivate their workers. Motivation of workers has developed and different theories like self-determination theory, equity theory and expectancy theory are used. Responses to globalization in an organization can also be attributed to organizational behaviour. Globalization exists in an environment where there are no boarders and so managers have to make decisions in a broader perspective. Furthermore, work places are more diverse and managers have to embrace diversity and find ways to manage it effectively. Different theories are used in different organizations. Personalities differ with different people and individuals personalities often affect how they do work. Personality is defined as the relatively enduring pattern of thoughts, emotions and behaviours that characterise a person (McShane, 2010, p. 50). The stability in these characteristics is important in an organizational context. Google expects its employees to continually meet business objectives by behaving in a stable way. Furthermore, characteristics differ according to the job being done. Different organizations choose employees depending on the characteristics they display. The managers hired or promoted at google are not ones that are withdrawn, unable to communicate or make decisions for these characteristics will make them inefficient and ineffective they have to launch a new product. Personality traits required for a job will often be outlined in a person’s specification and our personality will be observed and evaluated through the interview process and may be assessed by Holland’s theory of personality-job fit. A good fit between personality and environment is important to organizations and individuals as it leads to job satisfaction and increased performance (Holland, 1997). John Holland's states that most people can develop six of these personalities: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. Google has an environment that is free and workers can pretty much do whatever they like. Most workers are put in groups to do projects. It’s a...

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