Organizational Theories

Topics: Modernism, Postmodernism, Management Pages: 18 (6014 words) Published: October 17, 2013


Organizational Perspectives
Arthur Cunhs
OM8010 Principles of Organization Theory and Practice
Dr. Martin-Lewis
March 17, 2011

Abstract
The modernism and post modernism perspectives are beneficial in the successful operation of Wal-Mart stores. Wal-Mart is one of the most successful organizations with stores foreign and domestic making significant profits. Further, Wal-Mart applies both of the organizational perspectives for their advantages in areas such as power, structure, and technology. In addition, Wal-Mart utilizes modernism in the companies culture, roles, goals, ability to change, and conflict management. The two perspectives can are necessary for a company to become competitive in the retail markets. Thus, the evidence concludes that the postmodernism is more effective for organizational development of the two, for various kinds of business developments. Finally, Wal-Mart practices the modernism and post modernism perspective to have a competitive advantage.

Organizational Perspectives
The modernism and post modernism perspectives are beneficial in the successful operation of Wal-Mart retail stores. Wal-Mart is one of the most successful companies with stores located both foreign and domestic accumulating significant profits. Furthermore, Wal-Mart utilizes both of the organizational perspectives for their advantages in areas such as power, structure, and technology. In addition, Wal-Mart practices modernism and postmodernism in the companies culture, roles, goals, ability to change, and conflict management. The two organizational approaches are necessary for a company to become competitive in the retail markets. Thus, the evidence suggest that the postmodernism is more effective for organizational development of the two, for various types of business structures. Finally, Wal-Mart practices the modernism and post modernism perspective for a competitive advantage. Furthermore, the practice of successful modernism and postmodernism perspectives has caused Wal-Mart to become a retail leader. The modernism and post modernism applies strategies that has allowed the company to surpass their competition. Wal-Mart has gained substantial revenue within the recession to compensate their workers. In reference to Bruitt (2009) “Wal-Mart had record sales in the fourth quarter, boosting revenue in the year through January by 7.2 per cent to $401.2 billion. Wal-Mart announced the funds after its labor practices have come under scrutiny in recent years”(p.14). Unfortunately, when most companies have a lack of porfits during the recession Wal-Mart continues to increase financialy. The methods that are implemented in Wal-Marts success are beneficial for most retail operations to gain profits. According to Bahndari (2010) “Wal-Mart followed two important guidelines, among others, while going global. First, that the foreign country where it would like to establish its stores-should be closer to the the U.S. Secondly, this county should have a larger consumer base. “With those strategic guidelines” (p.79). Therefore,organizations will have to be competitive to compete in the same market. The relationship to Walt-Marts success is influenced through there ability to succeeded in multiple cities in large and small markets. Almost all of Walt-Mart stores in the U.S. are made identical. In reference to Hatch and Cunliffe (2006) “Modernist claim that “I saw( heard, smelled, tasted, or touched) my data, and you can confirm them for yourself by replicating my procedures” (p.15). Therefore, the replicating process has caused Wal-Mart to develop stores similar leading to the same results. In addition, the relation to the Postmodernism and Wal-Marts organizational theoretical concepts are among power. The authors Hatch and Cunliffe (2006) “Many Postmodernist concepts commit themselves to uncovering and challenging all forms power (including...

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