Organizational Theory

Topics: Sociology, Organizational studies and human resource management, Organizational studies Pages: 20 (6480 words) Published: February 2, 2014


Organization Theory
Adrienne Jones
Strayer University
Managerial Economics and Globalization- ECO 550
Dr. Ian McDevitt
December 21, 2013

Certificate of Authorship

I, Adrienne Jones, certify that I am the author of this document and any assistance I received in preparing this research paper is fully acknowledged. I have also cited in APA format for all sources that I obtained ideas, data, and words. Sources are properly credited according to the APA guidelines. Adrienne Jones

Date: December 21, 2013

Table of Contents
Letter of Certifiication............................................................................................................................2 Introduction......................................................................................................................................3 The Development of Organizational theory............................................................................................5 Classical Theory.......................................................................................................................................6 Human Ecology Theory.........................................................................................................................7 Organizational Economics Theory.........................................................................................................10 Contingency Theory................................................................................................................................13 Network Theory......................................................................................................................................16 Institutional Theory................................................................................................................................17 Dependency Theory...............................................................................................................................20 Conclusion...............................................................................................................................................23 References................................................................................................................................................25

Organizational Theory
Introduction

What exactly is organizational theory? Organizational theory is the sociological study of social organizations such as businesses and bureaucracies, and their interrelationship with the environment in which they operate. Organizational theory has been around for many decades, but with each decade it’s an ongoing subject. This theory itself complements the studies of human studies and organizational behavior. Organizational theory has evolved overtime from a very strict and serious approach that allows companies all power and authority over everything in the human capital. Liberal approaches are taken today by companies where their human capital, and employees are empowered and contribute to the wellbeing of the companies whom they do labor for and also their health. Organizational theory holds a variety of theories, and can be described as a very common and basic subject of life, dealing with the development of organization. A variety of different theories explains what organizational theory is. The history of organizational theory starts with the classical organization theory. Classical organization is known to be the strictest of all theories. Next you have the human resource organizational behavior perspective also known as the human ecology theory. This theory leads the reader to look into organizations extreme opposite of the classical theory by shifting the paradigm of employees being of value to a certain organization. Right behind is the organizational economics theory, which...

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