philosophy essay 3

Topics: Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, Noble Eightfold Path Pages: 6 (1005 words) Published: July 24, 2015


Essay #3
Kathya Ibanez
Truckee Meadows Community College
Philosophy 210

Joseph Dudum
Oct 2, 2014
Abstract

This paper is focused in the teachings of Buddhism and how Buddha developed the religion. I also wrote about karma and how is it possible that the religion believes in karma if they do not believe in a permanent soul, I also wrote about how they also share some common practices or beliefs with the Hinduism.

Basic Teaching of Buddhism

The teachings of Buddha can be difficult to understand because, there is nothing written by him or any of his followers at the moment. However, there are some written editions created long after his death. Since then the teachings are more like a tradition, which means they trust the oral teachings and they do not need to go by the writings. The teachings nowadays are translated to multiples languages, Buddha used to speak maghadi, but the main language at the moment for the teachers is pali.

The basic Buddhism teaches the three jewels which are the following; the religion assume that Buddha is the perfect human and that every follower should be the same way. This can compare to Jesus in Christianism, whom believe that Jesus is the perfect creation that every human should follow. Almost every statue used in the religion shows Buddha sitting down with his legs crossed, simulation peace and self-control. The practitioners of the religion assume that he is not dead but living in every day life through the endless dimension of the space most likely as energy. The Dharma teaches the view of the universe and how the followers supposed to live to reach a proper living, and last but not least is the Sangha that is the society of marks and nuns (Molloy,2013).

The teachings that Buddha left are like him in all aspects, they are full of beliefs as the belief that talks about re-birth and the powerful nature. He used to decline to have a conversation in other topic but the religion itself, if an individual would criticize or question his beliefs; he would call that person a deep wounded human that would be dead before getting the answers for everything. The most important part of the teachings is how can they minimize pain for themselves and to others, he also taught about the peace of mind. (Molloy,2013).

Buddha preached the three marks of reality, which are the following; the first one is about change, which he suggested to see lie the way it is, because in reality everything changes. Furthermore, most humans get depressed, anxious or sad when something in their life changes or is going in a different direction that they expected, so on he encouraged his followers to accept the change and continue living their normal life. Since change is something impossible to avoid, he had a great quote “ A wise person expects change, accepts it, and even savors it”. The second mark is the non-permanent identity which means “no permanent soul” in pali traduces to anatta. The mark assures that there is nothing eternal and that everything continuously changes including every part of oneself. Buddha denied the belief of the Hinduism regarding the endless soul. (Molloy,2013).

The third part of the marks teaches about suffering, often know as dukkha in the pali language, which stands for sorrow or dissatisfaction. To make the mark understandable here is a clear example; in every day life we might have to go through stress, sadness or even illnesses. Buddha believed that suffering is something inevitable that every human needs to experiment. (Molloy,2013).

To explain more about suffering he taught about four noble truths, the first one is about the suffering that a human has to live in the path of life. The second one teaches about how suffering develops from desire for example; if a person get a brand new car with time the person will be discontent with the car and would want to get a new car. So on that term explains how desire is an interminable...

References: Molloy, M. (2013). Experiencing the world religions. (6th ed., pp. 123-179). Phil 210
Truckee Meadows Community College, Mc Graw Hill, Education.
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