physical effects of ageing

Topics: Gerontology, Old age, Ageing Pages: 2 (1316 words) Published: April 30, 2015
When a person ages their body goes through many changes, physical things such as the persons respiratory, cardiovascular, nervous, muscular-skeletal, endocrine system and the persons skin are affected. An ageing person will also experience changes psychologically, things such as the risk of mental illness increases with age. And physically, for example decreased eyesight and hearing abilities. Some of the physical effects of ageing in an individual can be loss of fat, due to the breakdown of their muscle mass, and decreased collagen, the amount of sweat glands in their body decrease, this makes it difficult for them to regulate their temperature as they are unable to perspire to cool themselves down. This can lead to issues such as, hypothermia, hyperthermia and an increased chance of heat stroke in the summer time. Ageing also affects the individual’s eyesight, their pupils shrink, this means their eyes are unable to take in lots of light, meaning their night and depth vision is decreased. The individuals lens will also become transparent as their iris fades, this can result in a condition called cataracts. “Cataracts are cloudy patches that develop in the lens of your eye and can cause blurred or misty vision. They are very common in older people” (NHS choices- age related cataracts, 2015) Ageing can increase the risk of the individual developing glaucoma, another eye disease. “Glaucoma is caused by a blockage in part of the eye. This prevents fluid draining out of the eye and increases pressure in the eye, called intraocular pressure” (NHS choices- Glaucoma, 2015). As an individual gets older, their hearing is also affected. This can be irreversible and it usually affects men more than women. The loss occurs in the higher range of sound, this means that they are unable to hear high pitched sounds as well as...
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