PROSTITUTION

Topics: Prostitution, Human trafficking, Human sexual behavior Pages: 5 (1245 words) Published: January 26, 2014
A Friendly Reminder
This is purely an academic discussion about prostitution and some terms which may offend some of us will be used. As much as possible, the audience is requested to see and view the topics being presented with an open mind.

Prostitution
It is the act or practice of engaging in sex acts for hire. ‡ It is said to be derived from a composition of two Latin words: (preposition) pro and (verb) statuere. A literal translation therefore would be: to expose , to place up front . In most cultures, prostitution is viewed as a deviant profession, either discouraged or illegal; however, motivations vary from the implications of those potentially exposed to that activity to whether it constitutes or not an exploitative practice. ‡ Contrary to the popular notion, prostitution is NOT the world s oldest profession that would be hunting, gathering and subsistence farming .

Brief History
As early as 1900 B.C., the ancient society of Mesopotamia recognized the need to protect women's property rights which included female prostitutes. ‡ 6th Century B.C.: Solon Establishes State-Funded Brothels in Greece ‡ 590 A.D.: The newly-converted Reccared I, Visigoth King of Spain, banned prostitution as part of an effort to bring his country into alignment with Christian ideology. 1161: King Henry II regulates but does not ban prostitution ‡ 1358: Italy embraces prostitution declaring it as absolutely indispensible to the world. ‡ 1586: Pope Sixtus V mandates death penalty for prostitution ‡ 1802: France establishes bureau of morals ‡ 1932: Forced prostitution in Japan (comfort women) 1971: Nevada permits brothels ‡ 1988: Netherlands defines prostitution as a legal profession ‡ 1999: Sweden takes a feminist approach by classifying prostitution as violence against women ‡ Sex tourism has emerged in the late 20th century as a controversial aspect of Western tourism and globalization.

Types of Prostitution
Street prostitution
Escort services
Sex tourism
Internet prostitution

Prostitution in Japan
While the Anti-Prostitution Law of 1956 states that "No person may either do prostitution or become the customer of it," various loopholes, liberal interpretations of the law, and loose enforcement have allowed the sex industry to prosper and earn an estimated 2.5 trillion yen a year. ‡ The definition of prostitution is strictly limited to coitus. This means sale of numerous acts such as oral sex, anal sex, intercrural sex, and other noncoital sex acts are all legal.

Enjo-k sai
Enjo-k sai ( ) (shortened form enk ( ) means "compensated dating" and is a practice which originated in Japan where older men give money and/or luxury gifts to attractive women for their companionship, and possibly sexual favors. ‡ Generally in Japan, enjo-k sai is looked down upon as a large-scale social problem. Typically, it is perceived as an extension of Japan's growing focus on materialism, much of which is what critics claim is the cause of enjo-k sai Furthermore, in a 1998 survey by the Asian Women's Fund, researchers found that fewer than 10 percent of all high school girls engage in enjok sai and over 90 percent of the girls interviewed attested to feeling uncomfortable with the exchange or purchase of sexual services for money. ‡ This practice have spread over several countries such as Taiwan ang Hong Kong where "Some girls don't think compensated dating is a kind of prostitution. They think it is different because they could choose their clients. (Standard, HK)

Prostitution in Netherlands
Prostitution in the Netherlands is legal and regulated. Operating a brothel is also legal. The majority of women working in this business are foreigners. ‡ Their parliament passed legislation to legalize and tax brothels giving the government a portion of the profits from the Dutch sex industry which, excluding the pornography sector, generates more than $500 million a year Some of their reasons for legalizing prostitution are: ‡ Protect...
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