International Human Sex Trade.
Human trafficking is identified as “the sustained physical and psychological abuse of the victim solely for financial gain. It starts the moment the individual is deceived, persuaded, abducted or otherwise forced into the hands of the traffickers and can continue long after the victim escapes” (Europole, 2005). It can be classified into two categories - sexual exploitation and forced labour. This paper is focused on sex trade as a crime against humanity from the global perspective. Every country is involved in it; however, some major destination points can be identified such as Europe, U.A.E. and South Asia. The deeper understanding in the roots that cause sex trade, who is targeted, how does it happen and what measures need to be taken is important to achieve the success in eliminating the crime against humanity.
The roots that cause sex trade.
The roots causing human trafficking for sexual exploitation differ from country to country; however, some general factors can be identified. Poverty, globalization, domestic violence and gender discrimination, political and economical instability, lack of education and cultural issues are just a few of those. Orlova discusses that social dislocation can also impact on human trade (Orlova, 2004). Women affected by gender discrimination or job reduction are attracted by seemingly sound jobs that promise beautiful and better life; although, many of victims do not realise what these jobs actually are and what risk they are likely to face (Orlova, 2004). In the matter of culture, it also has a great influence. Using example of Asian culture Chung observes that it is a male dominated culture with a value of financial contribution to family (Chung, 2009). Such morals result in considering girls as poverty or items being sold or trafficked (Chung, 2009). This example can be applied to many other cultures and religions. Furthermore, globalization has caused an increase in human trade. The...
References: Chung, R. (2009). Cultural perspectives on child trafficking, human rights & social justice: A model for psychologists. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 22(1), 85-96.
European Court Of Human Rights, (2010)
Europol Annual Report, (2005)
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