Rise of Reformist Religion

Topics: Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, Noble Eightfold Path Pages: 7 (1903 words) Published: September 19, 2013
Rise of Reformist ReligionBuddhism & Jainism
History Project
Project Submitted by: Aayush Raturi VI- B Roll No-33

Acknowledgement
I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my teacher Mr. Anamitra Dutta , who game me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic “Rise of Reformist Religion-Buddhism & Jainism”, which also helped me in doing a lot of research and I came to know about so many new things. I am really thankful to him. Secondly I would also like to thank my parents who helped me a lot in finalizing this project.

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Contents
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Buddhism- An Introduction Life of the Buddha Teachings of Buddha Development & propagation of Buddhist traditions Jainism- An Introduction Life of Mahavira Nine fundamentals or Tattva Development & propagation of Jainism Difference Between Buddhism And Jainism Similarities between Buddhism And Jainism Bibliography

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Buddhism- An Introduction
 Buddhism is a religion based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as the Buddha meaning "the awakened one“.  Buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.  Two major branches of Buddhism are generally recognized:  Theravada ("The School of the Elders")  Mahayana ("The Great Vehicle") -Followed in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar etc.) -Followed in East Asia (China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Singapore, Taiwan etc.)

 Estimates of Buddhists are from 350–550 million  The foundations of Buddhist tradition and practice are the Three Jewels:  the Buddha,   the Dharma (the teachings) the Sangha (the community) 4

Life of the Buddha
• Gautama was born in Lumbini in modern-day Nepal, around the year 563 BCE, and raised in Kapilavastu. When Prince Siddhartha was a few days old, a holy man prophesied the Prince would be either a great military conqueror or a great spiritual teacher. His father King Suddhodana preferred the first outcome and prepared his son accordingly. He raised the boy in great luxury and shielded him from knowledge of religion and human suffering. The Prince reached the age of 29 with little experience of the world outside the walls of his opulent palaces. One day, overcome with curiosity, Prince Siddhartha asked a charioteer to take him on a series of rides through the countryside. On these journeys he was shocked by the sight of an aged man, then a sick man, and then a corpse. The stark realities of old age, disease, and death seized and sickened the Prince. Finally, he saw a wandering ascetic. The charioteer explained that the ascetic was one who had renounced the world and sought release from fear of death and suffering. For a time the Prince returned to palace life, but he took no pleasure in it. Even the news that his wife Yasodhara had given birth to a son did not please him. The child was called Rahula, which means "fetter." One night he wandered the palace alone. The luxuries that had once pleased him now seemed grotesque. Musicians and dancing girls had fallen asleep and were sprawled about, snoring and sputtering. He realized then that he could no longer be content living the life of a prince. That very night he left the palace, shaved his head, and changed his prince's clothes for a beggar's robe. Then he began his quest for enlightenment. Siddhartha sat beneath a sacred fig known ever after as the Bodhi Tree, and settled into meditation. Under this tree Siddhartha Gautama realized enlightenment and became a Buddha at the age of 35. 5







Teachings of Buddha
Gautama preaches his first sermon at Sarnath, about 5 miles (8km) north of the sacred Hindu city of Varanasi. He states that enlightenment can be achieved by understanding Four Noble Truths; and that the pain of life, with which the Noble Truths are concerned, can be avoided by following an Eightfold Path. The four Noble Truths...

Bibliography: • • • • • • Transitions (school book) www.wikipidia.org www.googleimages.com Story of India for children The complete encyclopedia History around the world
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