Senior citizens should be under stringent retesting in order to retain driving privileges. In the United States persons over the age of 65 are considered to fall into the category of senior citizens as this is accepted as the standard retirement age. Many instances of senior citizen involved accidents resulted from increased confusion, slower reaction times, decreased peripheral vision, lessened motor skills and slower cognizance of dangerous situations. A documented number of incidents have led to death as senior citizens become not only hazardous to themselves but innocent bystanders and property within a community as well. Decreased senses of elderly persons affect their ability to drive responsibly. Vision and hearing are the main two senses that can compromise senior citizens’ ability to drive. Deterioration of vision can increase difficulty when driving at night or during adverse weather conditions such as rain or snow. Peripheral vision and depth perception are affected as one ages and is common among senior citizens as they age. Many older people find that although their vision is good enough to drive during the day, they must give up night driving because of problems with glare, brightness, and darkness. The decline in sharpness of hearing starts to affect those around the age of 50 because the auditory nerve starts to change as ear structures begin to deteriorate. Studies also estimate that 30% of all people over 65 have significant hearing impairment and some measure of hearing loss is pretty much inevitable. This change in one’s hearing affects the ability to hear emergency sirens, train whistles, and horns from other vehicles while driving. It is important to be able to hear sirens from emergency vehicles that intend to alert you to pull over or get out of the way of an ambulance. Age-related changes in the abilities affected by reduced cognition have adverse implications on safe driving. Diminishing reserve capacity causes the ability to handle...
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