sextrafficking

Topics: Prostitution, Human trafficking, Sex industry Pages: 5 (1716 words) Published: November 17, 2013
References
1. Adelman, Michelle, “International Sex Trafficking: Dismantiling the Demand” 13 S Cal Rev. L & Womens Studies. 387 (2004) 2. Busza, Joanna, “Trafficking and Health” BMJ 2004; 328:1369 (June 2004) 3. Butcher, K., “Confusion Between Prostitution and Sex Trafficking” Lancet (2003) 4. Farr, Kathryn, “Sex Trafficking: The Global Market in Women and Children” Worth Publishing. New York, NY (2005) 5. Holzer, Jacqueline, “A Spatial Analysis of Human Trafficking in Greater Los Angeles” (December 2010) 6. Patterson, Thomas, “Prevalence and Correlates of HIV Infection among Female Sex Workers in 2 Mexico/US Border Cities” Journal of Infectious Diseases Volume197, Issue5 Pgs. 728-732. (2004) 7. National Human Trafficking Resource Center, “Sex Trafficking Fact Sheet” available at : www.acf.hhs.gov/trafficking/about/fact_sex.pdf Accessed November 1, 2011

8. ABC News, “Teen Girls' Stories of Sex Trafficking in U.S.” available at : http://abcnews.go.com/Primetime/story?id=1596778&page=1#.TsH6WPQUqsp Accessed November 1, 2011

Sex Trafficking:
Epidemic Rising

Sex Trafficking: Epidemic Rising
Sex trafficking is a current form of slavery wherein a commercial sex act (any sexual act that is performed in order to receive something of value) is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act is under the age of 18 years (Sex Trafficking Fact Sheet, 2000). Ratification of the TVPA or Trafficking Victims Protection Act in 2000 made human trafficking for sexual exploitation a breach of Federal law. Sex Trafficking is spreading throughout the world and is causing a rise in HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Infections. This subject is very serious and the current rise in sex trafficking, and resulting spread of disease is cause for more attention to the subject. Each year there are approximately four million people who are victims of human trafficking; about one million are trafficked into the sex industry and the numbers have been steadily rising every year (Kathryn Farr, 2005, pg.3) Sex trafficking victims can be men, women, boys, girls or transgender, but usually tend to be female. A victim can be lured into sex trafficking by many means; a promise of a better life in a new country with a better job and opportunities, being sold by ones parents to being kidnapped by a trafficker could be the cause of another victim (Sex Trafficking Fact Sheet, 2000). A trafficker usually utilizes “debt-bondage, an illegal practice in which the traffickers tell their victim that they are in debt for the transportation into the country,” as a means to control their victims once they’ve arrived (Sex Traffick Fact Sheet, 2000). According to a report from Pino Arlacchi of the U.N., an overwhelming number of women forced into sex trafficking come from Southeast Asia (250,000), former Soviet republics (200,000) and South Asia (150,000) (Kathryn Farr, 2005, pg 4). Victims from Latin America are not as many but numbers are around 100,000 each year. An examination of female sex workers in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, two large Mexico-US border cities, revealed that HIV along with gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis was on the rise. HIV and gonorrhes were found in around six percent of tested sex workers with chlamydia and syphilis around fourteen percent (Thomas Patterson, 2004). The constant rise in victims of sex trafficking along with this rise in the spread of diseases is enough evidence to prove that sex trafficking is growing and slavery is still a thriving industry. In the recent years drug cartels of Ciudad Juarez have been waging a war with each other for control of the city. Juarez is one of the main illegal trafficking ports into and out of America, with large numbers of heroine, hash, marijuana, cocaine, female sex workers, stolen vehicles, weapons and munitions going both ways. A rise in homicide to about eight murders a day has crippled the economy of the city and...

References: 1. Adelman, Michelle, “International Sex Trafficking: Dismantiling the Demand” 13 S Cal Rev. L & Womens Studies. 387 (2004)
2
3. Butcher, K., “Confusion Between Prostitution and Sex Trafficking” Lancet (2003)
4
5. Holzer, Jacqueline, “A Spatial Analysis of Human Trafficking in Greater Los Angeles” (December 2010)
6
7. National Human Trafficking Resource Center, “Sex Trafficking Fact Sheet” available at : www.acf.hhs.gov/trafficking/about/fact_sex.pdf
Accessed November 1, 2011
8. ABC News, “Teen Girls ' Stories of Sex Trafficking in U.S.” available at : http://abcnews.go.com/Primetime/story?id=1596778&page=1#.TsH6WPQUqsp
Accessed November 1, 2011
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