socrates biography

Topics: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy Pages: 1 (594 words) Published: October 23, 2014

Socrates was born in 470BC in Athens; he was the son of Sophroniscus, an Athenian stone mason and sculptor, and Phaenarete, a midwife. Because he wasn't from a noble family, he probably received a basic Greek education and learned his father's craft at a young age. It is believed Socrates worked as mason for many years before he devoted his life to philosophy. Socrates married Xanthippe, a younger woman, who bore him three sons, Lamprocles, Sophroniscus and Menexenus. There is little known about her except for Xenophon's characterization of Xanthippe as "undesirable." He writes she was not happy with Socrates’ second profession and complained that he wasn’t supporting family as a philosopher. In his own words, Socrates had little to do with his sons' upbringing and expressed far more interest in the intellectual development of Athens' young boys. Athenian law during the time required physically able bodied males serve as soldiers, on call for duty from ages 18 until 60. According to Plato, Socrates served in the armoured infantry, he participated in three military campaigns during the Peloponnesian War, at Delium, Amphipolis, and Potidaea, where he saved the life of Alcibiades, a popular Athenian general. Socrates was known for his courage in battle and fearlessness, a trait that stayed with him throughout his life. After his trial, he compared his refusal to retreat from his legal troubles to a soldier's refusal to retreat from battle when threatened with death. Socrates always emphasized the importance of the mind over the relative appearance and functions of the human body. This credo inspired Plato’s philosophy of dividing reality into two separate realms, the world of the senses and the world of ideas, declaring that the latter was the only important one. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than traditional...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Socrates Summary Essay
  • Essay on Elenchus and Socrates
  • Socrates: A Biography Essay
  • Socrates and the Soul Essay
  • Socrates Views on Virtue and Happiness Essay
  • Soul and Socrates Essay
  • Athens vs Socrates Essay
  • Evaluating Socrates Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free