Why do we need to study physical education?
Importance of Health for the human Body, in School, PE is a way to understand that Exercise is Key for a Long and Healthy living which helps you accomplish your other priorities in life.
Teaches you how to play sports, accomplish team building exercises, makes you a more open towards other people. making you more adaptable and diversified to work and trust other people throughout your life.
Why study physical education?
Physical education supports the curriculum’s vision for our young people of enabling students to become confident, connected, actively involved, lifelong learners. Physical education helps students to develop the skills, knowledge, and competencies to live healthy and physically active lives at school and for the rest of their life. They learn ‘in, through, and about’ movement, gaining an understanding that movement is integral to human expression and can contribute to people’s pleasure and enhance their lives.
UNIT # 2: Historical Analysis of Physical Activity
Adapted and expanded from lecture notes by Mechikoff & Estes (1998) UNIT OBJECTIVES
By the completion of this unit the student will be able to
discuss the causes for the evolution of the major civilizations of the ancient world and the development of their education as well as physical education systems The Ancient Civilizations PowerPoint lecture notes are available in Adobe PDF format. To open a .pdf file in your browser you need to have the Adobe Acrobat Reader application installed on your PC. the Greek civilization and its contribution to, and lasting effects on current day philosophies and practices contrast the Spartan and the Athenian educational systems and highlight the problems and solutions to current thinking and practices in the education & physical education systems in America discuss the views of body and mind advanced by Greek philosophers and its influence on contemporary views and the forces, beliefs and philosophy behind the on-going debate of "educating the physical" versus "educating through the physical." The Ancient Greek Olympics PowerPoint lecture notes are available in Adobe PDF format. To open a .pdf file in your browser you need to have the Adobe Acrobat Readerapplication installed on your PC.
PREHISTORY TO ANCIENT GREECE
What conditions led to the evolution of play and games?
For tens of thousand of years Homo sapiens lived in caves: hunters, food gatherers, and nomads About ten thousand years ago humans started living in settlements along great rivers: Yang Tze, Ganges, Euphrates & Tigris and the Nile (stable supply of water) discovery of farming, specialized production of goods & the exchange of goods cessation of a nomadic existence & control of the environment social structure and organization and the evolution of a complex civilization THEORIES ABOUT THE ORIGINS OF PLAY
1) Play as a utilitarian behavior--play emerged from and was linked to survival skills such as hunting, fishing, and boxing. 2) Play as an instinctive behavior--humans have a natural need for play (play behaviors are also readily observed in the animal kingdom) and thus have always played whether they need to practice or acquire a skill or not. What people learn is immaterial to whether or not people play. 3) Play as a ritualistic behavior--games explain forces in the world that are not understood. By participating in the ritual one explains the meaning of a certain kind of event. FROM THE ABOVE DISCUSSION COMES THE ASSOCIATION OF WORK AND PLAY. WHEN PLAY IS UTILITARIAN, THEN IT BECOMES WORK. WHEN PLAY IS FREE, IT SEEMS TO BE ASSOCIATED WITH WHAT WE CONSIDER PLAY. THE ORIGINS OF BALL GAMES
As far back as we know people have played ball games. There are several possible explanations: 1) Ball games are tied to religious events and magical functions. We now take for granted the characteristics of a ball, but ancient cultures thought the perfections of a sphere was godlike. 2)...
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