Summer Reading Essay

Topics: Agriculture, Ancient Rome, World War II Pages: 4 (1556 words) Published: December 16, 2012
“A Little History of the World” Summer Reading Essay
Throughout the history of the world, multiple civilizations have formed and prospered, some to the extent of world domination. A key reason of their success has been a civilization’s respectable technological advancements, which put them ahead of other societies at the time. These breakthroughs range from agricultural developments to wartime advancements and even to civilian luxuries, but all of these new technologies have one thing in common: a positive impact to their society. The advancements of technology in human history that dealt with tools, agriculture and irrigation, weaponry, transportation and the distribution of information impacted developing civilizations by expanding their empires and aiding their lifestyles, and it also inspired, provided for, and set the bar for future civilizations in the process.

The first known inventions were simple tools created by prehistoric man one hundred and fifty thousand years ago. “The earliest ones were probably just sticks and stones. But soon stones were being shaped and sharpened” (Gombrich 7). “…[P]erhaps six thousand years ago (that is 4000 BC), they found a new and more convenient way of making tools: they discovered metals“ (Gombrich 8). Metals served as the first resource to be used for common purposes. “It began with some green stones which turn into copper when melted in a fire. Copper has a nice shine, and you can use it to make arrowheads and axes, but it is soft and gets blunt more quickly than stone. But once again, people found an answer. They discovered that if you add just a little of another, very rare, metal, it makes the copper stronger. That metal is tin, and a mixture of tin and copper is called bronze” (Gombrich 8-9). With bronze, people made themselves helmets, swords, axes, cauldrons, bracelets, and necklaces. The combination of metals made efficacious tools for a variety of uses and was the first innovation towards chemistry, the...
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