Xi’an Jiaotong Liverpool University
The Argument of
the Task of Leader
A leader is a person who leads other. In an organisational level, the leader could have significant influence to the subordinates or followers. Another related term is leadership which could be defined as „the social influencing process that a person strive for support of others to accomplish the common goal‟ (Chemers, 1997). The way to lead these people to achieve the goal of an organisation is a vital issue with lots of discussion about it for many years. Nevertheless, not many people have paid attention to the task of leadership. I think it is also important and not to be neglect. There is a statement which is the ultimate task of a leader is to take his or her organisation from
where it is to where it has never been. It reminds people to think about the final task of a leader in an organisation. However, I do not totally agree with this statement, because, this statement is fall into one hand to absolute. In my opinion, not all of organisations should to go to a situation where it has „never‟ been and it is not the
„ultimate task‟ for a leader. This article will discuss about this statement with more details to explain why it is not necessary to lead organisation to a new field. Firstly, it will look at agreement of leading an organisation to a new field. Secondly, it will pay attention to the reasons which disagree with this statement in a manner. Thirdly, there are some real examples for further thinking. Then, it will come up with a possible method of leading an organisation to a new field. Finally, there is a brief summary of whole article.
In this part, there are three points worth to be aware. Firstly, according to Peter Guy Northouse‟s book, the one of core leadership skills is creating vision. „Creating vision takes a special kind of cognitive and conceptual ability and it requires the capacity to challenge people with compelling v isions of the future‟ (Peter, 2012). Peter also said
that to create a vision, leader should encourage other toward a new set of ideals and values. This perspective is appeared more like the elements of entrepreneurship theory. Entrepreneurship could be defined as the process by indiv idual or organisation which give rise to identify a new ideals or opportunities and converting them into marketable products or service (Michael et al. 2011). Rich and Mary (2012) said that „entrepreneurship which identifies future opportunities for organisation that enhance its current systems and further financial goals. Managing current situation is more dangerous than launching into the unknown area‟. Thus leaders should consider how to be an entrepreneur in his or her organisation rather than to be a maintainer. Durcker (1985) remarked that innovation is the specific tool of entrepreneurship, and it has become a vital instrument for managers and leaders who want to introduce an entrepreneurial approach. It requires leaders should have the ability of creativity for innovation. Creativity is the essential of an organisation for innovation which could be defined as the production of new and useful ideals (Michael et al. 2011). Consequently, create and implement these new things are the goal or task of leaders in an organisation.
Secondly, when a leader tries to leader his or her organisation to a new field, there must be a first move advantage. This concept is about the advantage which acquired by first move and has significant impact of a marketing decision. It also might be referred to technological leadership. This advantage may originate in the conduction that the initial entrant can obtain power of control of resources that competitors may not be able to match (Grant, 2003). If a leader becomes a first-mover he or she could be rewarded in a monopoly status with a colossal profit margin. Thus, the huge profit stimulate leaders...
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