The Impact of Personality and Culture in Innovation in an Organisation

Topics: Innovation, Organizational studies, Big Five personality traits Pages: 14 (3724 words) Published: July 21, 2013

INTRODUCTION

Personality, Culture and Innovation have an impact in an organisation. This work seeks to look at the impact these terms (personality, culture and innovation) have on an organisation. Successful innovation is increasingly important in the current globally competitive economy this influence the way people perceive the organisation. The terms are defined as follows:

Personality as the performance of individual behavior is explained by factors such as the control of individual emotional and psychological feelings, as well as social skills to get along with others. Personality will determine the interaction mode of individuals and the environment, and indirectly drive their behavior.

Personality refers to an individual’s unique and stable pattern of thinking, feeling, acting and reacting to his or her social environment (Pervin, Cervone, and John 2005). For example, whereas some people prioritise harmony in their social relationships, others are more status-seeking, interested in power and dominance; whereas some are imaginative and have unconventional ideas, others strength is to be especially accurate even in long spells of detailed work. As these traits affect both individuals’ interpersonal and work-related behavior, their influence on team-related processes is considered to be substantial: “Personality has more direct and powerful effects on group processes than other composition variables typically studied (e.g. age, race, gender, and information distribution)” (Moynihan & Peterson, 2001).

Personality is an individual`s unique set of characteristics and tendencies which shape a sense of self, and what that person does and the behavior they exhibit, for instance independence, conscientiousness, agreeableness, self control will be example of these personality characteristics. (Mullins 2007)

Culture refers to the underlying values, beliefs and codes of practice that makes a community what it is. The customs of society, the self – image of its members, the things that make one society different from other societies, are its culture. Culture is powerfully subjective and reflects the meanings and understandings that we typically attribute to situations, the solutions that we apply to common problems. The idea of a common culture suggests possible problems about whether organisations have cultures.

Culture impact most aspect of organizational life such as how decision are made, who makes them, how rewards are distributed, who is promoted, how people are treated, how the organization responds to its environment and on innovation.

Organisations are only one constituent element of society. People enter them from the surrounding community and bring their culture with them. It is still possible for organizations to have cultures of their own as they possess the paradoxical quality of being both ‘part’ of and ‘apart’ from society. They are embedded in the wider societal context but they are also communities of their own with distinct rules and values.

Innovation is about “a process of developing and implementing a new idea” (Van deVen & Angle, 1989). They go on to write that “innovation refers to the process of bringing any new problem solving idea into use, it is the generation, acceptance, and implementation of new ideas, processes, products, or services”. This process can take place in many different domains; it can be technical, to be sure, but also organisational (e.g., process improvements) or even social (e.g., quality circles) (Kanter, 1983). The focus here, particularly is in the context of an organization

LITERATURE REVIEW

Personality

Personality refers to the enduring patterns of thought, feelings, and behavior that are expressed in different circumstances. (Luthans Fred 2011)

Sung and Choi pointed out that people with outgoing personalities and openness to experience have significant impact on performance, because their absorption of information affects and improves...

References: Ashkanasy, C.P.M. Wilderom and M.F. Peterson (Eds) (2000) Handbook of Organizational Culture and Climate, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications
Axtell, C
Buckler, S.A. (1997) ‘The Spiritual Nature of Innovation’ Research-Technology Management, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 43–47.
Cumming, B.S. (1998) ‘Innovation Overview and Future Challenges’, European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 21–29.
Denison, D.R. and Mishra, A.K. (1995) ‘Toward a Theory of Organisational Culture and Effectiveness’, Organisational Science, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 204–223.
Deshpandé, R., Farley, J.U. and Webster, F.E. (1993) ‘Corporate Culture, Customer Orientation and Innovativeness in Japanese Firms: A Quadrad Analysis’, Journal of Marketing, Vol. 57,No. 1, pp. 23–27.
Digman, J.M. (1996). Leadership is an Art. New York: Doubleday.
Greenberg, J. & Baron. R.A. (2003), Behavior in Organizations, 8th edn. New Jersey: Pearson Education.
Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., Camp, M.S. and Sexton, D.L. (2001) ‘Guest Editors’ Introduction to the Special Issue – Strategic Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial Strategies for Wealth Creation’, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 22, pp. 479–491.
King, N. and Anderson, N. (2002). ‘Managing innovation and change: A critical guide for organizations’. London: Thompson Learning
Kanter, R.M
Kimberly, J (1981). Managerial Innovation. In Nystrom, P and Starbuck, W (eds.), ‘Handbook of Organizational Design-Volume 1.’ New York: Oxford University Press, pp.84-104.
Kotter, J.P. and Heskett, J.L. (1992) Corporate Culture and Performance, New York, NY: Free Press.
Lawrence, P.R. and Lorsch, J. (1967) Organisation and Environment: Managing Differentiation and Integration, Boston, MA: Harvard University.
Lee, C., Lee, K. and Pennings, J.M. (2001) ‘Internal Capabilities, External Networks, and Performance: A Study on Technology-Based Ventures’, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 22, pp. 615–640.
McAdam, R., Reid, R. and Gibson, D. (2004) ‘Innovation and Organisational Size in Irish SMEs: An Empirical Study’, International Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. 8, No. 2,
pp
Mone, M.A., McKinley, W. and Bargar, V.L. (1998) ‘Organizational Decline and Innovation: A Contingency Framework’, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 23, pp. 115–132.
Mullins J Laurie (2007) Management and Organization Behaviour. Eight Editions Prentice Hall
Muffatto, M
O’Regan, N., Ghobadian, A. and Sims, M. (2006) ‘Fast Tracking Innovation in Manufacturing SMEs’, Technovation, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 251–261.
Peters, T. and Waterman, R. (1982) In Search of Excellence: Lessons from America’s Best-Run Companies, New York, NY: Warner Books.
Pierce, J.L. & Gardner, D.G.(2002).Management and organizational behavior. OH: South western/Thomson Learning
Pervin, L.A., Cervone, D.& John, O.P.(2005)
Paulus, P. B., Nakui, T., Putman, V. L. and Brown, V. R. (2006). Effects of task instructions and brief breaks on brainstorming. Group Dynamics: ‘Theory, research, and practice.’ 10,(3), pp.206-219.
Rogers, E. (1995) Diffusion of Innovations, New York, NY: Free Press.
Schein, E. H. (1992). Organizational culture and leadership (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
Terziovski, M
Utterback, J.M. (1994) Mastering the Dynamics of Innovation: How Companies can Seize Opportunities in the Face of Technological Change, Boston, MA: Harvard Business School
Press.
Vossen, R.W. (1999) ‘Relative Strengths and Weaknesses of Small Firms in Innovation’, International Small Business Journal, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 88–94.
Van de Ven, A.H,, Angle, H., and Poole, M.S. (1989). Research on the management of innovation: the Minnesota studies. New York: Ballinger Publishing/Harper and Row
Van de Ven, A.H., Polley, D.E., Garud, R
Zaltman, G., D. R. and Holbek, J. (1973). ‘Innovations and organizations.’ London: Wiley
Zahra, S.A., Nielsen, A.P
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about culture
  • Culture And Personality Essay
  • Organisation Culture Essay
  • Significance of Organisation Culture in an Organisation Essay
  • Organisation Cultures Essay
  • Personality Trait and Workplace Culture Essay
  • Essay on Influence of culture on personality
  • Personality Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free