The Legality and Morality of Prostitution
Within a society every man lives under a rule of law. Without laws injustice can occur, therefore, the purpose of a rule of law is to influence what we do through the use of authoritative figures such as police or the government. Rules of law are made to protect the rights of every individual while aiming to maintain public order and control (Hart 263). If a law is violated the authorities see that it is punishable by law. Morality is an ethical issue that is structured to enhance survivability among society, and is subjective, never absolute. According to Immanuel Kant, morality deals with what we ought to do; something is good if it attains positive value to help us survive - having moral instrumental value (Kant 112). Kant further states that a rule for actions to be morally acceptable is for it to treat humanity as an end in itself, and never as a mere means (102). If an action (such as prostitution) satisfies all the conditions described above, the said action has proven to be both moral and capable of being a law, therefore, legal.
Prostitution - the business of engaging in sexual relations in exchange for payment in money or other things of value (Merriam - Webster). Prostitution is currently unregulated and according to Cecilia Hoffman that violates the right to physical and moral integrity and violates the prohibition of torture and cruel degrading treatment (Hoffman 97). Prostitution is currently one of the leading vectors for AIDS infection and prostitutes tend to increase risk exposure to HIV due to their many partners. It is impossible to talk about prostitution as a whole because every situation varies but, just in America 80,000 citizens are arrested yearly for soliciting sex. Prostitution is currently legal and regulated within 22 countries, but, once legalized has lead to the expansion of the prostitution market; increasing human trafficking (Neuymayer 61). Human trafficking is the biggest...
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