Unifying Greece

Topics: Philip II of Macedon, Alexander the Great, Ancient Greece Pages: 3 (1113 words) Published: March 19, 2008
Before Philip of Macedon stepped in to unify Greece, Greece was broken up into territories and provinces. Also, before King Philip II came into power, Macedonia was unstable and was full of rural clans, which were all loosely tied under a hereditary empire. Philip inherited the unstable kingdom, from his brother, on the verge of a fall, and made it the most power state of its time. His military innovations revolutionized warfare, which was passed onto his son Alexander the Great who created the army that would conquer Persia and it's empire. Philip of Macedon began the unification of Greece, and his son, Alexander the Great, continued to unify Greece and conquer the known world when his father died. When Philip came into power, his time expectancy reign on the throne was only a couple of months; this was because in the fourteen years before him, four kings had ruled over Macedonia. Yet, Philip in fact ruled for twenty-three years. In his suprisingly long reign, he managed to bring all of Greece under his power. Philip took Amphipolis, Pydna, Potidea and Methone, he destroyed the Phocian army, and he was only stopped once on his march south at the Pass of Thermopylea. If there was any one-man who disliked Philip at all, itw as Demosthenes. At one point, Philip decided to threaten Olynthus, who had an alliance with Athens, Demosthenes asked why nothing was happening, the council-men said they were terrified of the strength and might of Philip. Demosthenes declared this statement in the speech known as the Second Olythiac: " Do not believe, men of Athens, that Philip and the people he rules over have the same likings. He desires glory, and this is his passion, and he is ready for any adventure, and peril, preferring to a life of safety he honors of acheiving what no Macedonian king has ever done before. The people have no share in the glory; they are exhausted by these long marches up and down the country; they suffer and toil incessantly; and they are allowed no...
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