unit 4

Topics: Gerontology, Old age, Ageing Pages: 4 (1858 words) Published: September 24, 2014
Aging is an expected life event that everyone will experience, it’s important to appreciate that individuals will age differently; having said this there are some aging norms that most people will experience.

Changes that occur with the aging process fall into three categories: physical, psychological, and social. As changes begin to happen in one area of a person’s life, it is more likely that the other two will be affected as well. Aging is a process that can affect individuals between Adulthood up to the last stages; symptoms vary depending on factors such as a person’s diet, life choices, personal habits, exercise and psychological factors. P4 - Explain two theories of ageing.

M2 - Discuss two major theories of ageing in relation to the development of the individual.

When discussing the aging process it’s important to consider the theories of ageing; there are two major theories of ageing in relation to the development of the individual which include the disengagement theory and the activity theory. I will be applying these theories in relation to Stevie Wonder.

Disengagement is a term used to describe the process whereby individuals withdraw from being socially involved with others. Disengagement is a theory that is more associated with the elderly, according to Cumming and Henry. The theory was established in 1961, it’s based on the on concept that the elderly are prone to naturally withdraw from social involvement. As individuals begin to approach older adulthood we find that interacting with others becomes restricted, this may be because of illnesses which includes poor mobility or any impairments.

Cumming debated that the aging process associated with the elderly relates to how disengaged they are; as they get older they become more disengaged, they become less concerned with the expectations of others and begin to focus more on themselves. It’s important to understand that disengagement doesn’t necessarily have to be a negative, Cumming...
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