Unit 4 - Developing Through the Life Stages - Task 3, P4, P5

Topics: Gerontology, Old age, Ageing Pages: 11 (3798 words) Published: July 18, 2013
Unit 4- Development through the life stages
Task 3
P4 & M2 P5 & M3
P4 & M2
Because people don’t always age in the same way as others there are different possibilities of what may occur during ageing, some people may develop serious problems in their fifty’s while others may not develop any problems until they’re in their nineties. Physical changes

The menopause occurs when the hormone levels oestrogen and progesterone in a woman falls and the body stops producing eggs, once this starts to occur then menstruation ceases permanently meaning you are unable to conceive. The menopause can start as early as 35 years of age and as late as 60 years of age. Without the high level of the hormone oestrogen your risk of heart disease and osteoporosis increases significantly. You may start to notice that the menopause is approaching as your periods may become slightly longer apart, or may not last as long but occasionally the menopause may just stop altogether without any warning. Physical changes can occur a few years before your menopause begins, for example you could experience hot flushes where you could be extremely hot one minute enough to open all the windows in the house then the next minute you could be shivering cold. Night sweats often effect women during menopause if they are severe they could drench your bedding and disturb yours or your partners sleeping pattern. This could emotionally affect a person that is/are ageing, frequently becoming anxious can lead to the individual having regular panic attacks, and this can include shortness of breath, dizziness or palpitations. Oestrogen plays a part in the health of the nerve cells in the brain however during menopause when there become less of it this could cause memory loss and poor concentration. This may cause the individual to lose self-confidence and low self-esteem due to the woman becoming embarrassed if night sweats cause disruption to theirs and their partners sleeping pattern. The menopause may also cause the individuals to lose her self-confidence and reduce her self-esteem due to her body changing; this may cause mood swings and arguments towards those she’s close to which could cause relationship problems with family, partners, friends and colleagues. Cardiovascular system

As you get older in life your cardiovascular system becomes weaker making it harder to pump blood around your body which is efficient enough to reach all the vital places in the body I.E the brain. Therefore in addition to this your blood vessels may lose some of their elasticity and hardened fatty deposits may form on the inside of your arteries causing Atherosclerosis this can cause your heart to work even harder to pump blood throughout your body which can lead to high blood pressure and/or other cardiovascular problems. Arteria is the term for loss of elasticity and sclerosis is the term for meaning hardening creating the name Atherosclerosis. There a various different medications that can be taking to treat this, however it all depends on your individuality. Having this cardiovascular disease this may cause the individual to become increasing worried about shortness of breath, becoming sweatier, having anxiety and may develop a chest pain. Therefore this could effect on how they act around others as they may not want them to change the opinion they already had on the individual. This will cause worrying which will put pressure on the individual therefore their self-esteem and self-confidence may become significantly lower than what it used to be. Respiratory System

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease otherwise known as COPD is the name for a collection of lung diseases. Usually people with COPD struggles to breathe this is because of the narrowing of their airwaves. The main cause of COPD is smoking risks increase depending on the amount you smoke and the longer length of time you’ve smoked for. COPD is usually misdiagnosed...
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