unit 4 p5

Topics: Gerontology, Retirement, Old age Pages: 5 (2171 words) Published: July 8, 2015
Unit 4 P5- explain the physical and psychological changes which may be associated with ageing. In this assignment I will be discussing the physical and psychological changes that are associated with ageing. The physical changes that are associated with ageing are the change of hormones in your body which will lead to menopause, how the cardiovascular system could incur diseases such as atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease, how the respiratory system could incur diseases such as emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, how the nervous system can incur diseases such as motor neurone disease, degeneration of the sense organs, degeneration of the nervous tissue and cognitive changes, how the muscular-skeletal system could incur diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, effects of degenerative disease and muscle wasting due to poor absorption of nutrients and how the skin can incur complications such as the loss of elasticity, effects of exposure to ultraviolet rays and the effects of smoking on the body and the effect of illness that are more common in ageing. As you get older you will start to experience a major decrease in the hormone oestrogen which will follow the menopause. Menopause usually happens gradually, periods will start to become irregular and infrequently before they actually stop completely. Symptoms of menopause can begin up to six years before the final menstrual cycle. Symptoms of menopause include hot flushes and night sweats, heart palpitations, changes to your vagina such as dryness, discomfort, itching and pain during sex, difficulty sleeping, loss of interest in sex,changes in an individuals mood such as feeling tires, irritable, depressed or anxious, having difficulties with concentrating or poor memory and urinary problems such as recurrent urinary tract infections and loss of bladder control. If people have to have their ovaries removed they will get all these symptoms much quicker and stronger than normal.

The circulatory system is where the heart heals so it can pump blood around the body. With an elderly person it is more likely that their arteries and blood vessels will start to narrow due to the fact that there are fats called cholesterol which are causing blockages in our arteries and blood vessels. The professional name for the clogging up of the arteries is atherosclerosis, atherosclerosis indicates that your artistries are beginning to harden. If your artistries begin to harden this could cause our blood pressure to rise which puts yourself at a major risk of having a heart attack or stroke, this happens because the blood supply to the brain is blocked. If these blockages happen you could potentially get coronary heart disease. If their coronary artery is blocked then the person could get bad chest pains and become out of breath very easily.

In an ageing body the respiratory system is when the blood in a individual's body is not able to be pumped around the body efficiently, this will cause you to feel short of breath. As you continue to get older you will realise that the strength in your chest muscles are starting to reduce,the lungs are constantly ageing and the efficiency and strength of your lungs will start to deteriorate. Emphysema is a destructive disease of the lungs in which the alveoli that promote oxygen exchange between the air and the bloodstream. Smoking is the primary cause of emphysema which makes it a preventable illness. As people age with emphysema they will not have a shorter life they will have a poorer quality of life, this means that they will have complications such as persistent chest infections. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in old age will affect a persons life as they will not be able to go about their daily activities, this is because they will be constantly out of breath and they will be prone to chest infections and bronchitics. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease increases the rate in which your lungs will...
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