Since the beginning of the 20th century there has been an increase of interest in “ageing”, not just from policy makers or politicians, but from the people in general as well. The study of the social, political, health, educational, and other aspects related to ageing has led to the formation of many interdisciplinary subjects that study these aspects in great detail and unveil the kind of changes the elderly are faced with in order to help them. One of these subjects was gerontology. Gerontology is the study of the social, psychological and biological aspects of ageing. The study of ageing is a multidisciplinary enterprise where each discipline brings its own theoretical methods. Usually in society, the process of growing is one which many tend to ignore or neglect, however it is the one phase that requires much deliberation and planning if one wishes to live through it in a comfortable and stress free manner. When contemplation the future it’s common for people to just think about how they’re going to study, get a job and start a family. Seldom do people ever consider the more advanced stage in life when they’re going to be retired, or have limited physical capabilities. The reasons for this are generally associated with the fact that most people associate old age with problems or difficulties. These people still view old age as a stage where one will suffer from chronicle diseases, or lose their eyesight, or teeth. Besides that, many fear that at this stage you are forced to live in a foster home as now-a-days more and more families opt for this decision regarding their elderly. However, as we advance in our analysis of the topic, one comes to realize that such health, mental or social conditions are not necessarily attached to ageing itself. People can grow old a have a “normal” and healthy life without much hassle or pain and difficulties. Early care and preparation is what leads many to a sustainable and healthy life at old age. There are many elders who are physically fit and apt, even at advanced ages such as 80 years. It’s said by the psychologists that it’s their “high” spirit that keeps them alive and healthy, allowing them to enjoy the small pleasures in life without great obstacles. When discussing ageing, we tend to analyze from three different perspectives: biological, psychological and social. We have to consider also that the perspectives are different, hence different viewpoints. But this doesn’t necessarily mean they have to contradict each other. In the biological gerontology, we study the process of ageing itself, from the birth, the development, until the end which is the death. The functional capacity is analyzed in this endeavor. We also learn the good habits that we have to maintain as we grow older and other that we don’t have to practice, to avoid diseases in later years. In our daily everyday lives we might think more about the psychological aspects of ageing than we do about biological ageing. However, the study of ageing, within the psychological perspective, has played a minor role. Recent emphasis on the interdisciplinary study of ageing shows that psychology must be placed within an historical, environmental and biological context. Endingly, the social perspective is a broad approach. It is based on the assumption that all people’s social behavior, attitudes and values, are the result of the organization and structure of society in which we live.
3.1 Biological Changes
First of all, we will describe the biological aspect of aging, since it’s the most noticeable change that occurs in people. The susceptible decline of the body and increased susceptibility to diseases is the main focus of this part. Senescence -- the normal process of aging characterized by the gradual deterioration of the body's organ systems – affects every single cell in the organism, jeopardizing their functionality, It essentially reduces the cell’s...
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