Useful date thinking
7th century: Assyrian Empire in power
6th century: Assyrian fall and Persian rise confucius, laozi (daoism) zoroasterism 5th century: Persia warring with Greece and greek golden age. beginning of warring states period in China. pericles, aristotle, plato.
4th century: Shang yang Qin State
Esarhaddon 681 – 669 BC.
was a king of NeoAssyria who reigned 681 – 669 BC.Took Memphis in 671 BC and declared himself pharaoh.
Ashurbanipal 668 BC – c. 627 BC
Was the last of the strong kings of the Neo Assyrian Empire. The assyrians were known for their brute military strength and intimidation tactics. did much to establish imperial ideology and built many great architectural complexes and monuments to display his power.
Nebuchadnezzar II 605 to 562 BC
King of the Neo Assyrian Empire from 605 to 562 BC. The destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and the hanging gardens of Babylon are ascribed to him. did much to beautify babylon.
Cyrus the Great 559530 BC
Was the first ruler of the Persian Empire from 559530 BC and eventually throws over the Chaldean (babylonian) Empire. Conquered many tribes in the mesopotamia region and was very tolerant of the conquered peoples cultures. This made for a lasting empire.
Darius I 521 to 486 BC
Persian King from 521 to 486 BC. Formalized the persian policy of tolerance of subjects to encourage unity. reorganized administration and created ‘eyes and ears of the king’ to keep his empire in check. creates standard coinage and sends the jews home to rebuild temple. Imperial Aramaic is set under him.
Zoroastrianism 6th Century BC
was founded by Zoroaster around the 6th Century BC. Avesta recorded his sermons on the two divine powers light and darkness. Believed that the two were constantly at odds but light would ultimately win. Heavily influenced Persian worldview similar world view as Jews.
Avesta 6th Century 500s BC
is the recorded sermons from Zoaster from the 6th Century 500s BC. Speaks on light and darkness and the last judgement.
Upanishads 6th Century BCE
A collection of Vedic Texts that will influence Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism from around the 6th Century BCE
A main concept of Buddhism, Hinduism, and jainism that means that the your deeds will influence an individual in the future. either in this life or the next.
Vardhamana Mahavira 540468 BCE
Popularized the doctrines of Jainism. Rejected Vedic Brahman teachings. Wandered throughout Ganges Valley and modern day India to achieve enlightenment. taught that the purpose of life was to purify one’s soul. Brought societal change to south asia.
Jainism 7th century BCE
Emerged in the 7th century BCE from the vedic Tradition in the GANGES VALLEY. taught that the purpose of life was to purify one’s soul. Followers believe in strict self denial and and avoiding harming other creatures. Popularized by Vadhamana.
Siddhartha Gautama c. 563483 BC.
Most well known as the Buddha, or enlightened one. Contemporary of Vardhamana and Confucius. Rejected Brahman teachings and rituals and was the most prominent opponent of the Brahman. His teachings brought societal change to the people of South Asia.
Buddhism 6th Century BCE
Major south asian religion that aims to end human suffering through the renunciation of self. aimed at reaching nirvana. These teachings come from the Buddha and challenged Traditional Brahman teachings of the time.
Tripitaka 450 250 BC
Collection of Buddhist teachings. contains wisdom and rules for living that would dictate Buddhist’s followers actions. Influenced south asian society.
Confucius 6th century BC
One of the most important Chinese philosophers who lived and taught during the 100 schools of thought era (551479 BC) Believed that society would prosper if men following his ...
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