© Kamla-Raj 2011
Stud Home Com Sci, 5(2): 93-98 (2011)
A Study of Elderly Living in Old Age Home and Within Family
Set-up in Jammu
Aruna Dubey*, Seema Bhasin**, Neelima Gupta* and Neeraj Sharma* *
P.G. Department of Home Science, Govt. College for Women, Parade, Jammu, Jammu & Kashmir, India
Directorate of Distance Education, University of Jammu, Jammu & Kashmir, India KEYWORDS Elderly. Old Age Home. Family. Modernization. Urbanization. Life Expectancy ABSTRACT The last century has witnessed a rapid increase in the population of the elderly people in the developed and industrialized countries. This phenomenon is not restricted to the western world only, but many countries such as ours are now feeling the impact of this transaction. This situation could be attributed to a combination of factors such as increase in age, longevity and decreased death rates due to advancement in the field of medicine, improvement of life expectancy at birth, and enhancement in the average span of life. India ranks 4th in terms of absolute size of elderly population .The country is not adequately equipped to look after their special health needs and the changing traditional value system. A feeling is now growing among the aged persons that the attitude of the younger generation towards them is not as desired. In the above context, a study was conducted to understand the feeling of the elderly residing in the old age homes and within the family setup in Jammu. The sample of elderly women was selected using the “Purposive sampling” technique to select 30 elderly women from the old age home as well as a similar number from the family setups. The data was collected using a specially designed Interview schedule and observation technique through a house- to-house survey for those residing in the families. Non-working status of these women and above 60 years of age was criteria for sample selection. Results of the study revealed that most of the elderly felt the attitude of the younger generation is unsatisfactory towards them especially those who were in old age homes in terms of getting respect, love and affection from the family members instead they were considered as burden for others. Women living in the families had a positive attitude towards old age. The social relationship of the elderly women living in families and those living in old age home also differed. Noticeably; there was a fall in the overall efficiency, sociability, degree of involvement in work and hobbies. On the other hand, better social relations were maintained by the family dwellers because they had regular interaction, expressions of feelings and support from the family.
India like many other developing countries in
the world is witnessing the rapid aging of its
population. Urbanization, modernization and
globalization have led to change in the economic
structure, the erosion of societal values, weakening of social values, and social institutions such as the joint family. In this changing economic
and social milieu, the younger generation is
searching for new identities encompassing economic independence and redefined social roles within, as well as outside, the family. The changing economic structure has reduced the dependence of rural families on land which has provided strength to bonds between generations. Address for correspondence
Dr. Aruna Dubey,
P.G. Department of Home Science,
Govt. College For Women,
Jammu & Kashmir, India
The traditional sense of duty and obligation of
the younger generation towards their older generation is being eroded. The older generation is caught between the decline in traditional values
on one hand and the absence of adequate social
security system on the other (Gormal 2003).
Illness increases with age. All else being equal, an older population has greater needs for health care. This logic has led to dire...
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