I have chosen to write my paper on the Fourth amendment, which prohibits unreasonable search and seizures. I feel this is one of the most important amendments we have in our constitution. This amendment protects our right to privacy and property. We the people have rights to equal treatment under the law, we should not be judged based on our sex, age or skin color. The framers felt the freedoms of the fourth amendment were a foundation of what we stood for and it was an essential part of our county.
James Otis was one of the first colonists to speak out against the crown. He said, "One of the most essential branches of English liberty is the freedom of one's house. A man's house is his castle; and whilst he is quiet, he is as well guarded as a prince in his castle." Before the fourth amendment was created British officials could force themselves into a persons home and search for whatever they like. The framers viewed this as unacceptable. In 1789, the fourth amendment was proposed by the framers to protect citizens from unlawful search and seizures. In 1791, the people ratified the fourth amendment.
In 1961, there was a landmark Supreme Court case, Mapp v. Ohio. The police had forced themselves into Mapps home looking for a suspected bomber. There was no bomber found, but they had however, discovered a chest full of obscene pictures. They arrested her on possession of the pictures and the Ohio court prosecuted her. She disagreed to the sentence and argued that her fourth amendment rights were violated. This case went all the way to the Supreme Court and they ruled in favor of Mapp 5-3. The ruling was in her favor because the warrant the police said they had was lost and the pictures obtained by the police were seized unlawfully, without probable cause. In the result of this case, a new element has been added to the amendment. Now any if any members of the law find anything illegal and were searching for something else, they are not allowed to...
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